The Medicines Advice Service Evaluation (MASE): a randomised controlled trial of a pharmacist-led telephone based intervention designed to improve medication adherence.

Imogen Lyons, N Barber, DK Raynor, L Wei
in BMJ quality & safety, Journal article

Abstract

To test the effectiveness of a tailored, pharmacist-led centralised advice service to improve adherence to patients on established medications.A parallel group randomised controlled trial was conducted. Patients prescribed at least one oral medication for type 2 diabetes and/or lipid regulation were eligible to participate. 677 patients of a mail-order pharmacy were recruited and randomised (340 intervention, 337 control). The intervention comprised two tailored telephone consultations with a pharmacist, 4-6 weeks apart, plus a written summary of the discussion and a medicines reminder chart. The primary outcome was self-reported adherence to medication at 6-month follow-up, collected via a postal questionnaire, analysed using generalised estimating equations. Secondary outcomes included prescription refill adherence, lipid and glycaemic control and patient satisfaction.In intention-to-treat analysis 36/340 (10.6%) of the intervention group were non-adherent (