Characterization of Bespoke Force Sensors for Tailored Applications

Dafne Zuleima Morgado Ramirez, MDPG Souto, BM Oldfrey, P Smitham, M Miodownik, Catherine Holloway
in IEEE Sensors Journal, Journal article


© 2016 IEEE.Bespoke force sensors made with active polymer composites are inexpensive, thin and flexible, hence popular in wearable electronics, however their wider application is limited due to the lack of literature studying their voltage response related errors. We present the voltage response characterization of bespoke force sensors made with an active polymer composite, silver coated fabric, stainless steel thread, and silver epoxy. Characterization of the effects of static and dynamic loading was completed with a mechanical testing machine. Static tests consisted of loading and unloading at 0.01, 0.1, 0.5 and 1 N/s, and drift tests for 120 minutes up to 10 N every 1 N. Dynamic tests consisted of a sinusoidal load of 5 N ±1 N applied at 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 Hz for 60 min. The force-voltage relationships were modeled using an exponential function. Maximum mean drift error was observed when applying different static loads for 120 minutes each. Drift error is minimal at 5 s (