Patients' Perspectives on the Quality and Safety of Intravenous Infusions: A Qualitative Study.
Background: The administration of medication or fluids via the intravenous route is a common intervention for many hospital inpatients. However, little research has explored the safety and quality of intravenous therapy from the patient's perspective, despite the role of the patient in patient safety receiving increased attention in recent years. Objective: To explore patients' perspectives on the perceived quality and safety of intravenous infusions and identify implications for practice. Method: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with 35 hospital patients receiving intravenous infusions in critical care, oncology day care, general medicine, and general surgery areas within 4 National Health Service hospitals in England. Data were analyzed thematically. Results: Four underlying and interlinked themes were identified: knowledge about intravenous infusions, challenges associated with receiving intravenous infusions, the role of health-care professionals, and patients' attitudes toward receiving infusions. Conclusions: Patients were generally satisfied with receiving infusions; however, factors that contributed to decreased feelings of quality and safety were identified, suggesting areas for intervention. Issues to do with infusion pump alarms, reduced mobility, cannulation, and personal preferences for information, if given more attention, may improve patients' experiences of receiving intravenous infusions.